Good readers can combine their background knowledge with clues from the text to predict, conclude, make judgements, and interpret. This formula is helpful for students:  BK + TC = I         (Background Knowledge + Text Clues = Inferring)

Proficient readers:

  • make predictions about text and confirm their predictions as they read
  • may read more slowly, reread, talk about their thinking, write, or draw to better understand the content
  • revise their inferences based on the interpretations of other readers

Sample Lessons:

Anchor Charts:



Predictions are an inference forward in the text.


This OWI chart was done using Van Allsburg's book
"The Mysteries of Harris Burdick"


This class used their schema, pictures, and rereading to
infer the meaning of unknown words. They confirmed (C) some
inferences but others had to be researched.

Forms and Resources:

Texts for Teaching Inferring:

  • Fly Away Home by Eve Bunting
  • Grandfather Twilight by Barbara Berger
  • How Many Days to America? by Eve Bunting
  • If You Listen by Charlotte Zolotow
  • Oliver Button Is a Sissy by Tomie dePaola
  • The Royal Bee by Frances Park and Ginger Park
  • Something Beautiful by Sharon Dennis Wyeth
  • Where Are You Going, Manyoni? by Catherine Stock
  • Winter Fox by Catherine Stock
  • The Stranger by Chris Van Allsburg
  • The Sweetest Fig by Chris Van Allsburg
  • Two Bad Ants by Chris Van Allsburg
  • The Wreck of the Zephyr by Chris Van Allsburg
  • Bad Day at Riverbend by Chris Van Allsburg

Comprehension Resources:

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