Using and creating schema, or background knowledge
Good readers make connections between what they know and what they read. This can take the form of text-to-self connections, text-to-text connections, and text-to-world connections. But it can also mean that readers use what they know about a particular author or genre or type of text to help them comprehend.
- activate their background knowledge before, during, and after they read texts
- add new information to their schema and change existing schema as they read
- recognize when they lack background knowledge about a topic and they know how to create it to get the information they need
Our schema is organized like file folders in a cabinet.
We can add to and change our schema as we read.
Once students know they have schema, they can then
begin to activate it as they read.
Forms and Resources:
Texts for Teaching Schema:
- Fireflies by Julie Brinkloe
- Hazel's Amazing Mother by Rosemary Wells
- I Know a Lady by Charlotte Zolotow
- Ira Sleeps Over by Bernard Waber
- Koala Lou by Mem Fox
- My Great-Aunt Arizona by Gloria Houston
- Now One Foot, Now the Other by Tomie dePaola
- The Relatives Came by Cynthia Rylant
- Roxaboxen by Alice McLerran
- The Two of Them by Aliki
- Chrysanthemum by Kevin Henkes
- Oliver Button is a Sissy by Tomie dePaola
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